As I write these words, the tears of Tisha B’Av are not yet dry. We spent this past Motzai Shabbos and Sunday mourning two thousand years of collective loss. We mourned the 2,500,000 Jews murdered during the destruction of the second Temple, the 6,000,000 who perished in the Holocaust, every man, woman and child we have lost throughout the years. But then something amazing occurs – we find comfort. This Shabbos is called, Shabbos Nachamu (the Shabbos of consolation). This name is taken from the opening words of the Haftorah, ‘Nachamu Nachamu Ami, (be consoled, be consoled my nation),’ uttered by the prophet, Isaiah. We transition from profound mourning to a feeling of comforting consolation in just a matter of days. Yet, we must ask, what has changed? Has the final redemption occurred? Have the fundamental challenges of suffering and difficulty been alleviated? Where is the nechama (consolation) of Shabbos Nachamu?
Rav Yosef Dov HaLevi Soloveitchik zt’l (1903-1993) explains this dynamic in a profound way. After two thousand years of suffering and constant challenges one would have assumed that the Jewish people would have ceased to exist. After enduring the crusades, pogroms, the Holocaust, wars and terror attacks one would have assumed that even if we managed to survive, our will to forge forward as a nation would have simply disappeared. But herein lies the awesome nature of the Jewish people: despite so much tragedy and adversity, we are still here. And we do not simply exist. We thrive. Every time our enemies knock us down and try to trample our soul, we get back up and answer their derisive taunts and barbaric brutality with unbreakable resolve. On Tisha B’Av we cry because we are truly broken-hearted over what has been lost. On Tisha B’Av when reflecting on the scope of our personal and national tragedies, we don’t know how we can go on. On Shabbos Nachamu we rejoice because we have.
The first time we see the word necham” (consolation) in the Torah is at the end of Bereishis (Genesis) after man had experienced a spiritual and moral decline and God contemplated the destruction of mankind. “And the Lord regretted (va’yinachem) that He had made man upon the earth, and He became grieved in His heart.” (Genesis 6:6) Rashi explains that the word va’yinachem means “nehepcha machshavto” God experienced “a change of heart.”
God had high hopes, dreams and aspirations for man. But then, va’yinachem, God has a change of heart, a change of perspective. God still loves man, man is still the crown jewel of creation, but God must adjust his perspective and expectations. He must accept the frailties of His creations. God must accept man’s failures and shortcomings. God still knows what man can be, but He must accept that man will often not actualize that potential.
Thus, explains the Rav, nechama does not mean consolation; it means to experience a change in perspective. There are circumstances both national and personal that we would give anything to change, but we can’t. There are tragic realities which we cannot change no matter how hard we try. There are challenges that seem so overwhelming that we fear we will be swallowed up and enveloped by them. We do not get to choose our life circumstances, but we do have the great privilege to choose our life perspective. We can do things to find meaning and fulfillment even in compromised circumstances. When we encounter difficulty, we begin to realize that it is not the end of the road, there will be a tomorrow; we can make it. We can give up in the face of adversity or find the strength to move forward and accomplish. We can let the tzaros conquer us or find a way to conquer them. This is nechama. True nechama is not a result of everything being wonderful and perfect. This is not the reality of the human condition. True nechama is the result of a paradigm shift. In the midst of our pain, we thought we could not go on, but we did. True nechama occurs when we realize that the sun will rise no matter how dark the night before was. True nechama is actualized when we realize that we have the tools to rebuild no matter the scale and scope of the damage and destruction. True nechama is experienced when we realize that we can get up, dust ourselves off and continue to do great things.
This is Shabbos Nachamu. What has changed since Tisha B’Av? We have. We have gone from feeling helpless, despondent and broken to realizing that although life is far from perfect, we control our reactions and spiritual dispositions. We are not victims. We are the masters of our destinies. We have suffered much and may still suffer more, but we choose to see ourselves as a individuals with much to accomplish. We can live meaningful lives, contribute to our people, and sanctify the name of God through our actions. We create the nechama of Shabbos Nachamu.
We hope and pray that we will experience the true nechama of complete redemption speedily in our days. But until that great day, we will continue to find personal and national nechama through maintaining positive perspective in all that life brings our way.